# gsw_geo_strf_steric_height

`steric height anomaly (75-term equation)`

## USAGE:

`steric_height = gsw_geo_strf_steric_height(SA,CT,p,p_ref)`

## DESCRIPTION:

```Calculates steric height anomaly as the pressure integral of specific
volume anomaly from the pressure p of the "bottle" to the reference
pressure p_ref, divided by the constant value of the gravitational
acceleration, 9.7963 m s^-2.  That is, this function returns the dynamic
height anomaly divided by 9.7963 m s^-2; this being the gravitational
acceleration averaged over the surface of the global ocean (see page 46
of Griffies, 2004).  Hence, steric_height is the steric height anomaly
with respect to a given reference pressure p_ref.  ```
```Dynamic height anomaly is the geostrophic streamfunction for the
difference between the horizontal velocity at the pressure concerned, p,
and the horizontal velocity at p_ref.  Dynamic height anomaly is the
exact geostrophic streamfunction in isobaric surfaces even though the
gravitational acceleration varies with latitude and pressure.  Steric
height anomaly, being simply proportional to dynamic height anomaly, is
also an exact geostrophic streamfunction in an isobaric surface (up to
the constant of proportionality, 9.7963 m s^-2). ```
```Note however that steric_height is not exactly the height (in metres)
of an isobaric surface above a geopotential surface.  It is tempting to
divide dynamic height anomaly by the local value of the gravitational
acceleration, but doing so robs the resulting quantity of either being
(i)  an exact geostrophic streamfunction, or
(ii) exactly the height of an isobaric surface above a geopotential
surface.
By using a constant value of the gravitational acceleration, we have
retained the first of these two properties.  So it should be noted that
because of the variation of the gravitational acceleration with
latitude, steric_height does not exactly represent the height of an
isobaric surface above a geopotential surface under the assumption of
geostropy.  ```
```The reference values used for the specific volume anomaly are
SSO = 35.16504 g/kg and CT = 0 deg C.  This function calculates
specific volume anomaly using the computationally efficient 75-term
expression for specific volume of Roquet et al. (2015).  Note that the
75-term equation has been fitted in a restricted range of parameter
space, and is most accurate inside the "oceanographic funnel" described
in McDougall et al. (2003).  For dynamical oceanography we may take the
75-term rational function expression for density as essentially
reflecting the full accuracy of TEOS-10.  The GSW internal library
function "gsw_infunnel(SA,CT,p)" is avaialble to be used if one wants
to test if some of one's data lies outside this "funnel".``` ```Click for a more detailed description of steric height anomaly.```

## INPUT:

```SA   =  Absolute Salinity                                       [ g/kg ]
CT   =  Conservative Temperature                               [ deg C ]
p    =  sea pressure                                            [ dbar ]
( i.e. absolute pressure - 10.1325 dbar )
p_ref = reference pressure                                      [ dbar ]
( i.e. reference absolute pressure - 10.1325 dbar )```
```SA & CT need to have the same dimensions.
p may have dimensions Mx1 or 1xN or MxN, where SA & CT are MxN.
p_ref needs to be a single value, it can have dimensions 1x1 or Mx1 or
1xN or MxN.```

## OUTPUT:

`steric_height = steric height anomaly                             [ m ]`

## EXAMPLE:

```SA = [34.7118; 34.8915; 35.0256; 34.8472; 34.7366; 34.7324;]
CT = [28.8099; 28.4392; 22.7862; 10.2262;  6.8272;  4.3236;]
p =  [     10;      50;     125;     250;     600;    1000;]
p_ref = 1000```
`steric_height = gsw_geo_strf_steric_height(SA,CT,p,p_ref)`
`steric_height =`
```   1.779689324997846
1.539078311557927
1.158951137243722
0.810784483183943
0.368397104461283
0```

## AUTHOR:

`Trevor McDougall and Paul Barker             [ help@teos-10.org ]`

## VERSION NUMBER:

`3.06 (15th May, 2017)`

## REFERENCES:

```Griffies, S. M., 2004: Fundamentals of Ocean Climate Models. Princeton,
NJ: Princeton University Press, 518 pp + xxxiv.```
```IOC, SCOR and IAPSO, 2010: The international thermodynamic equation of
seawater - 2010: Calculation and use of thermodynamic properties.
Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission, Manuals and Guides No. 56,
UNESCO (English), 196 pp.  Available from the TEOS-10 web site.
See Eqn. (3.7.3) and section 3.27 of this TEOS-10 Manual.```
```McDougall, T.J., D.R. Jackett, D.G. Wright and R. Feistel, 2003:
Accurate and computationally efficient algorithms for potential
temperature and density of seawater.  J. Atmosph. Ocean. Tech., 20,
pp. 730-741.```
```Reiniger, R. F. and C. K. Ross, 1968: A method of interpolation with
application to oceanographic data. Deep-Sea Res. 15, 185-193.```
```Roquet, F., G. Madec, T.J. McDougall and P.M. Barker, 2015: Accurate
polynomial expressions for the density and specific volume of seawater
using the TEOS-10 standard.  Ocean Modelling, 90, pp. 29-43.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ocemod.2015.04.002```
`The software is available from http://www.TEOS-10.org`